Since prior to Independence itself the Tamils through non violent means were peacefully and constitutionally negotiating for a solution to their national problem. However every time an agreement was reached it has been breached unilaterally by the successive Sinhala Buddhist majority Governments.
After continued repression by the government and decades of war, in December 2001 from a position of strength the LTTE declared a ceasefire which led to the Ceasefire Agreement (CFA) signed between the Government of Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, brokered by the Norwegian Government.
The CFA had the stated objective of finding a negotiated settlement to the national problem and a first step towards it was agreed to be ‘return to normalcy’ and confidence building measures as mentioned in the various articles of the agreement.
The LTTE has with a view to restoring confidence and re-establish goodwill, called for the full implementation of the normalisation aspects of the CFA as well as implementation of agreements pertaining to resettlement of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) reached in the 6 rounds of talks held by both parties.
However the core articles in the agreement such as the fishing rights, vacation of homes, public buildings and schools were not carried out by the GoSL. Further due to the intransigence of General Fonseka, the sub committee on de-escalation and normalisation became defunct, since his document under the title “de- escalation plan” 20.december 2002 created a furore, as he demanded disarming of the LTTE as a condition for de-escalation and resettlement of the displaced people in the High Security Zone (HSZ).
The peace talks stalled thereafter. The tussle between Chandrika Kumaratunga and Ranil Wickramasinghe ended with The President taking over three important Ministries including defence.
The Presidential Elections held in November, 2005 brought in hawkish SLFP candidate Mahinda Rajapakse as the new President. With him coming to power he took to the war path
and was determined to divide the East from the North at any cost. On 25.04.2006, an attempt was made on the life of the Sarath Fonseka, the army commander by a sucide bomber. LTTE was blamed for this.
Follwing this incident starting 29.04.2006, ferocious arial bombartment by Kfir planes, MBRL attack from Trincomalee Naval Dockyard, artillery fire from Monkey Bridge army camp and attack from naval gun boats were unleashed for days on, at the Muthur East villages starting from Sampoor. This brutal attack on the Tamil villages was justified by the GoSL as a necessary exercise to neutralise the attempt on the army commander’s life.
On 11.08.2006, A9 trunk road to Jaffna from Colombo was closed causing tremendous hardship to people in Jaffna district.
The SLMM declared that these attacks were in violation of Article 1.2 of the CFA. On 08.11.2006 at Vaharai in the East due to arial bombartment on an IDP camp next to the hospital by SL Airforce 52 persons including women and children were killed.
In early September SL army launched military offensive on Sampoor, Senaiyoor, Kaddaiparichchan, Kadatkaraichenai, all Tamil villages in the Muthur East and captured them in voilation of CFA.
The IDPs from the above area moved further south to Eechilampattai area to escape from the attack. Tamils from Kiliveddi, Mankamam area also went to Eechilampattai area following army harassment and extra judical killings. Finally all the IDPs from Muthur East and other places ended up in the temporary camps in Batticoloa district.
The above internal displacement by military offensive by the army was in direct contravention of the CFA. Further it was in voilation of UNHCR Guiding Principles on internal displacement. Later from march 5 to 8. 2007 when indiscriminate shelling of Batticoloa west (Paduvankarai) took place 1000 houses were damaged, 103 schools, 110 hindu temples, 100, 000 livestock and 17 000 paddyfields were destroyed. Around 153 000 people were displaced in this exercise. Throughout this period although it was in contravention of the CFA and against humanitarian law none of the countries of the Co-Chairs intervened with the goverment to stop this. The Norwegians as facilitators failed to use their influence with the international community to make them interfere in this matter. This made GoSL to beleive that the international community was in support of their military action.
Through a court action the Eastern province was de-merged from the Northern province thus negating the Indo –Sri Lanka Accord of 1987. The LTTE withdrew from the Eastern province and the GoSL claimed that it has liberated the Eastern province from the LTTE.
GOSL in furtherance of it’s agenda of demographic engineering created a HSZ in Muthur East. This was done by the president by a notification in the Gazette Extraordinary No:1499 / 25 dtd 30 may 2007.
The targeted killing of Thamil Selvan, the political wing leader and the Chief negotiator of LTTE on 2nd of November, 2007 was another great blow to the peace process.
The GOSL abrogated the CFA unilaterally on 16th January 2008, and has thus closed all doors for any further negotiations.
Recently GOSL has conducted local elections in Batticoloa district. Now they have fixed the date for the Eastern Provincial council election for May 10, 2008. The Government party is contesting this election in alliance with TMVP (Pillayan group) which is an armed para-military force. The GOSL is conducting this elections to show case to the world that they are bringing democracy to the east. However their agenda is to get aid from the international community under the tag of development and use it in furtherance of their demographic engineering.
The offer of a solution to the National problem by the Government by implementing the 13th Amendment to the Constitution with de-merged North and East or otherwise is completely unacceptable to the Tamils.
At the same time GOSL is waging war against the North at many places in Mannar, Manalaru and Muhamalai areas. Under this situation the only way open to the Tamil people is to defeat the GoSL forces militarily.
Given the legitimacy and the will of the Tamil people the only possible way forward for them is to re-establish a sovereign independent Tamil Nation to live in peace and security.